The deepest lake in Udaipur with stunning ambience
Snuggled amist several ‘Magras’, hills, and located about 12 km north-west of Udaipur, Janasagar is named after Rajmata Jana Devi, mother of Maharana Rajsingh and daughter of Merdtiya Rathore Raj Singh. The lake is also popularly called Badi-ka-talab after village Badi in which it is situated. Built by Maharana Raj Singh in the memory of his mother, the ‘pranprathistha’ was held on Magh Shukla Dashmi v.s. 1725. On a high pillar on the dam was lit a flame. It is said that Rajmata Jana Devi did not take anything before having a ‘darshan’ of the ‘jyoti’. According to an edict near the lake, the worship of Lord Vishnu in Mewar was started by Meerabai. And that is why Maharana Rajsingh built this lake as a centre of worship of Lord Vishnu as was the Rajsamand lake.
A marvel of hydraulic engineering the dam built over Ubeshwar river between two high hills to the south-east of Badi village has withstood several floods and overflows without any damage. This shows that Mewar has an excellent technique of building dams. According to an edict, the dam was built in accordance with the norms of Indian secular architecture. The construction started with the digging of the foundation called ‘Panva Lena’. It was filled with lead and then purified water. A 9.14-meter-high wall was built. The huge stones that were used were interlocked. Then a base of 15 yards was built. The work was done under the supervision of Nath, son of Suthar Sagra Ram and Kishna son of Jaisa was the architect.
One of the deepest of all the lakes around the city of Udaipur, it has a diameter of about 2.659-acre meter. The length is about 1000 (north-south) and width about 413 meters (east-west).
On building the dam about seven crore was spent. On the occasion of Pranprathistha ceremony Maharana Rajsingh gifted land of Galunda, (Chittorgarh) and Devpura, (Thamla) to Purohit Garibdasji.
The purpose of building the dam was multifold-supply of water for drinking and irrigation to the neighboring areas, storage of water during battles and stopping of enemy from this direction.
Highly attractive are the ‘chhatris’ and ‘devras’ on the bank. There is exquisite carving on the Toran Dwars. The turtle shaped hill in the background is another attraction
The clean water of the perennial lake and the green vegetation of the surrounding hills provide a congenial habitat to several avian species, both resident and migratory. During winter can be seen migratory birds that come from distant countries like Siberia. It has also a huge variety Mahasira fish that is becoming extinct. It is also suitable for nature camping, boating and water sports.
The serene and clean ambience and aquatic flora and fauna of the lake attract a huge number of Udaipurites.
Content Courtesy: Dr. K.P. Singh