Providing a close view of wildlife, the Park instills a feeling of compassion for animals and has a zoo hospital and rescue centre.
It was as early as 1878 that the erstwhile Maharana Sajjansingh on realizing the need for conservation of wildlife, established a zoo for the preservation and display of wild animals in the heart of the city in Gulab Bagh. It covered an area of 5 acres of land including a Botanical Park. Being a heritage building it was not possible to meet with the specifications and guidelines laid down by the Central Zoo Authority of India. So, the status of the zoo was downgraded. It was proposed to convert it into a Bird Park. The Government of Rajasthan decided to shift the animals to a larger space that provided a natural habitat in the form of a satellite zoo at Sajjangarh Biological Park at the foothills of Sajjangarh wildlife sanctuary in an area of 36 hectares. It can be visited round the year but becomes lush green and more attractive during monsoon.
The road on the north western side of the path leads to a historical monument Sajjangarh also known as Monsoon Palace. The park is one of the three in Rajasthan. The other two being Nahargarh, Jaipur and Machiya, Jodhpur.
The project was taken up in 2004-2005 and the park was inaugurated on 13th April 2015 and was opened for visitors.
The purpose of maintaining the park include developing physically, genetically and behaviorally viable population of important species of wild animals of Aravali ecosystem in their natural surroundings for display of selected wild animals of ecosystems existing in other parts of the state namely the desert and wetland ecosystem that can be kept in climatic conditions in this part of the state by creating naturalistic surroundings. The aim is also to provide good living conditions to the existing population of wild animals presently inhabiting the park and to rescue and rehabilitate the wild bird and animal population after providing necessary support to ensure the survival in their natural habitat. The park also facilitates research on techniques for breeding endangered and vulnerable local species, for restocking, reintroduction in accordance with conservation breeding programme and provides opportunity for conducting scientific studies of biology, ecology, ethology, etc. of wild animals so as to facilitate the scientific management of zoo and conservation of wildlife. The aim is also to promote eco-tourism, provide employment to the local literate mass and to impart nature education and creating awareness among the local people, students and visitors about wildlife conservation.
Through instilling the feeling of compassion for animals, big and small, the park garners support for the overall conservation efforts and at the same time plays an important role in reducing man animal conflict, particularly in urban setting.
Enclosures have been developed in a phased manner. First priority was given to the enclosure for which animals were available in the existing Udaipur zoo or other zoos of the state. Then were developed enclosures for those animals that could be shifted from other zoos. The existing zoo at Gulab Bagh has been converted into a Bird Park and the existing animals have been shifted to Biological Park at Sajjangarh.
The zoo animals require specially designed enclosures that are open to sky to make the life of animals in captivity as comfortable as possible.
The enclosures have retiring cells, dens, sheds, feeding places, water troughs, display areas, non-display areas, wallow points, ponds, squeeze cages, dry moats, chain link, mesh chain walls etc. in keeping with the needs of the animals housed in them
Special seasonal arrangements are also made for the animals. In summer, cooler and organic material curtains are provided while in winter provision is made for cloth and jute curtains.
There is a fully equipped zoo Hospital with trained doctors to take care of the zoo inmates. There are regular health checkups. There is a vaccination, disinfection, and deworming schedule. First aid facilities are also available, anti-venom is also stocked to treat victims of snake bite.
The enclosures have well researched informative write-ups that have useful information about the animals.
The mammal inmates of the park include Himalayan black bear, jungle cat, leopard, tiger, lion, sambhar, Indian striped hyena, Indian porcupine, common fox, sloth bear, langoor, rhesus macaque, chital, blackbuck, jackal, palm civet, chousingha, chinkara, wolf and porcupine.
The reptile housed in the park include ghariyal, marsh crocodile, star tortoise etc.
The birds that can be seen in the park include ostrich, emu, alexandrine parakeet, rose-ringed parakeet, plum headed parakeet, Indian peafowl, silver pheasant, painted stork, greyleg goose and northern shoveller.
A large number of animals from neighboring areas are rescued and rehabilitated in the park. They include common langoor, cuckoos, hyena, spotted deer, eagle, tortoise, rabbit, honey badger, owl, blue bull, common leopard and peafowl.
Successful breeding of lion, jungle cat, fox, chital, black buck and some birds takes place in the park.
Some animals get buffalo meat, chicken eggs and fish while others are given vegetables grains, rajka, kakdi, spinach and cattle feed. There is even ice cream for bear during summer
This park also organizes capacity building programmes for zoo personnel and training programmes for wildlife volunteers about identification of animal behavior and rescue methods.
Several eco, sensitive eco-friendly measures have been taken to keep the park plastic free.
Established with the purpose of providing a biological recreation center for Udaipurites, specially children, very close to the city, the park attracts a big number of visitors not only from different parts of the country but also overseas. It has now become a must visiting spot of the city.